Excessive absenteeism saps the morale of employees, costs the organizations overtime expenses and affects the employee engagement.

It is understandable that people get sick or injured, have to take care of their loved ones or sometimes need some space even during business hours to manage personal matters, but it is the habitual absences that not just cause a profound financial impact on a company’s bottom line but also leave a negative impact on the coworkers.

It has also been found that the employees who do show up to work are burdened with extra duties and responsibilities to fill in for their absent colleagues. This leads to the feelings of frustration and a decline in their morale.

According to a research by Forbes people miss work for a variety of reasons, many of which are legitimate and others less so. Some of the common causes of absenteeism include:

Bullying or Harassment – Employees facing any of these two issues by either their coworkers or bosses are more likely to call in sick to avoid the situation.

Stress or Low Morale – Both these issues could be a result of heavy workloads, stressful meetings/presentations or the feelings of being unappreciated. This causes a lot of employees to avoid attending office. Moreover, the stress or low morale could also be attributed to personal issues.

Childcare or Eldercare – At times, the employees have no option than to miss work because they have to stay home and take care of a child/elder.

Depression – According to many global studies, one of the leading causes of absenteeism among the employees is depression.

Injury or Illness– Accidents can occur on the job or outside of work, resulting in absences. Moreover, illness and medical appointments are the most commonly reported reasons for missing work (though not always the actual reason). Not surprisingly, it has been found that each year during the cold and flu season, a dramatic spike in employee absenteeism rate is observed.

Job Hunting – Many employees who are not committed to their jobs and are on the lookout for replacement opportunities are also found absent most of the week.

There’s no doubt that employee absenteeism is a really tough issue to tackle, because there are both legitimate and poor excuses for missing work – and it can be challenging for employers to effectively monitor, control and reduce absenteeism.

Although it is necessary for the companies to implement strategies to equitably monitor, reduce and respond to absenteeism yet the employers must also remember that no matter what the organization’s absence policy is, there are federal laws that may affect how certain types of employee absences must be addressed.