PLYC Established in 1986 as a non-state, non-profit voluntary, Prime Minister awarded organization working throughout Pakistan, Registered in 1993 under Voluntary Social Welfare Agencies Registration & Control Ordinance 1961 (XLVI) Vide Number Registered Under Societies Registration Act of 1860. PLYC have got the consultative status with Economic and Social Support and Coordination Department Economic and Social Affairs of United Nations. PLYC’S Vision is that Pakistan is a country where people have all the basic facilities which are required to maintain the life at certain and better standard through integrated development process at the grass root level.
PLYC is a leading social sector organization in District Khanewal with substantial coverage in both rural and urban areas. The key program areas include:
i. Child Rights
iii. Human Rights
iv. Youth Empowerment
PLYC is implementing long-term program for protection and promotion of children right in Khanewal, Punjab. The program has two outcomes: 1) Reduced PhP in communities, homes, and schools in selected rural districts and urban centres; 2) Improved prevention and response mechanisms to child protection violations in selected rural districts. The program focuses on working on Physical and Humiliating Punishment (PhP) with interventions that focus on bringing the appropriate legislation of banning the corporal punishment in all setting, inclusion of positive disciplining in teachers curriculum and working with teachers and parents on positive disciplining to reduce the incidents of corporal punishment. For next 4 years the program will focus on replacing PhP practices in schools and communities with positive discipline. At C.S.Os level, a campaign to ban the corporal punishment will be implemented. Campaign will use the “edutainment” strategy (radio and T.V dramas/ programs, theatre, social media, online petitions and signatures in support of the bill) to bring the attention of masses to the issues of PhP. The interventions under second outcome will focus work on strengthening the child protection system in Khanewal, Punjab
Corporal punishment is one of the key reasons behind high ratio of drop-outs in education facilities, in addition to its worst effects on child’s physical and psychological growth. Despite the fact, that millions of children are affected by the corporal punishment, many believe that it is the ultimate way to maintain discipline. Majority of parents and teachers are unaware about other methods of positive disciplining.
The proposed assignment intends to gather information about situation prevailing in Khanewal districts with regard to PhP, through organizing formal pre-KAP research survey. The results of the survey will be used in designing and launching the campaign against PhP in program districts.
Pre- KAP survey will provide detailed information on the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the parents, teachers and communities with regard to different aspects of PhP. It will also furnish recommendations & guidelines to PLYC for designing and launching of campaign against PhP in program districts and the results will be shared with the different stakeholders for the approval / enactment of the Prohibition of Corporal Punishment in all settings Bill. The findings of the survey will also help in designing awareness raising campaigns to reduce PhP, developing annual action plan/s of district based Children Rights Advocacy Network (C.R.A.N).
1. Objective of the Assignment;
The objective of this assignment is to design and conduct Pre-KAP (Knowledge, Attitude and practices)survey to know the existing situation on physical and humiliating punishment (PhP)at Khanewal, Punjab.
2. Scope and Methodology;
The selected consultant/s will prepare detailed inception plan of survey and will carry-out activities of Pre-KAP survey, such as: Household survey, Focus group discussions (F.G.Ds), Key informant interviews and other relevant research methods in targeted districts. S/he may use a mix of methodologies including F.G.Ds, key informant interviews and household surveys to arrive at the data. The consultant/s will be responsible for obtaining required reviews and approvals for the research protocol, conducting and overseeing the field research, developing the data collection tools, providing data collection training, collecting data and ensuring the quality of the study. S/hewill be developing a field guideline so that a standard of data collection method could be followed in the field. S/he will be compiling the findings, conducting the data analysis and writing the research report. The pre-KAP survey will comprise but not limited to below sectors:
The consultant/s are expected to select households /homes of the pre-selected communities in Khanewal. S/he may conduct interview with head of the household. A mixed balance of gender should be maintained while doing interviews. Socio-economic, rural-urban or cultural aspects may be categorized for classification of households. S/he will seek data about perception and practices used to discipline children at homes. S/he shall cover methods used by parents /guardians to discipline children at homes. Data against reasons for practicing PhP should be gathered for analysis in survey report.
3.2 Community Level;
S/he will be conduct survey of pre-selected communities in Khanewal may randomly select sample size of population by considering the overall census / situational analysis of the communities and standard method of research sampling. S/he should consider the socio-economic indicators during sampling. Similarly the rural-urban and gender context should be taken into account. General stereotypes and myths associated in favor or against of PhP in society may be covered in survey. S/he will assess and collect data against existing protection or exploitation conditions in respective communities, with regard to children rights. S/he will be responsible to cover the preview of civil society organizations working at grassroots level on PhP.
3.3 School Level;
A general research-based 25 schools are pre-selected as sample size for survey. Mix combination of level and nature, e.g. primary, secondary, boys and girls schools should be considered. The consultant/s is expected to cover maximum aspects which directly or indirectly encourage /influence teachers, non-teaching staff and parents for corporal punishment to children. S/he expected to assess practices and methods used to discipline children both physical and psychological within premises of education facility. The students’ record in terms of drop-out and absenteeism would be collected for further analysis. S/he may seek information about engagement of School Management Committees (S.M.Cs) in relation to school matters.
3. Location of Pre-KAP Survey;
The outreach of assignment is limited to Khanewal, district of Punjab.
4. Key Deliverable of the Assignment;
4.1 Holding preliminary meeting with PLYC to discuss ToRs, scope and timelines of Pre-KAP survey.
4.2 Desk review of existing material, policies and laws banning corporal punishment / PhP within context of Punjab and finalization of sampling size for survey.
4.3 Design and prepare tools including data-base for data-collection from field and relevant stakeholders, and getting those reviewed before approval.
4.4 Design, prepare and submit detailed research plan / inception plan to undertake Pre-KAP survey at targeted districts.
4.5 Submission of logistics plan to carry-out survey activities in program districts.
4.6 Data analysis and submission of preliminary report for review
4.7 Prepare and submit final narrative analytical report with survey findings and recommendations to PLYC on PhP.
35 working days from signing of agreement
6. Key Competencies, technical background and experience required
Post Graduate degree in the field of education, human rights, international development, women’s studies and/or other related social sciences from local or international recognized institute;
6.1 Strong understanding of children rights, education and gender issues; understanding of planning and holding surveys at broader level. Familiarity with the national, provincial (Punjab context) education, child protection and development context.
6.2 Experience in planning, management, monitoring and analysis with regard to holding similar research assignments within rural context of Punjab. Candidates with strong research background would be encouraged to apply.
6.3 Strong interpersonal skills and analytical skills. It may include demonstrated ability to interact effectively in cross-cultural environments, groups and with representatives from different stakeholder groups including civil society and government authorities.
6.4 Strong written and oral communication in English.